This paper will examine the effects of poverty on teaching and learning. This can hurt reading ability and other skills. Low SES students often live in chaotic and unstructured environments.
Opportunities for intellectual development, such as the development of cognitive skills and thinking patterns, are the result of social interaction. Children of poverty are exposed to great amounts of stress and their nutrition may be poor.
Some families of students who live in poorer neighborhoods do not believe it is safe for their young children to play outside; even if there is a playground or park nearby, the violence associated with these neighborhoods keeps families indoors. Poor diets also affect behavior.
When the learning got you excited, curious, and intrigued, you put out more effort. Poor children often have a feeling of helplessness, low self-esteem and may be fatigued.
Children need our help if they are to adapt successfully despite adversity; alter or reverse expected negative outcomes; and thrive in spite of negative circumstances.
Academic and behavioral problems can be indicators of impending failure. The Achievement Gap The difference in academic performance among children from different classes or groups ethnic, racial, income is referred to as the achievement gap.
Content should be of high quality and be culturally relevant. One of the most prominent emotions in children of poverty is fear.
The food that children eat or do not eat affects their brain development, functioning and behavior. This is an important concept when considering literacy and reading instruction.
Student Motivation to Learn One of the social issues facing children of poverty is emotional trauma. Children need our help if they are to adapt successfully despite adversity; alter or reverse expected negative outcomes; and thrive in spite of negative circumstances.
Children from low SES live in environments with social conditions over which they have little control. Emotions have an impact on memory, as previously mentioned, because emotion drives attention and attention drives learning and memory.
Students with low SES may also be depressed, have a fear of failure due to past experiences or have acquired failure expectations from their parents. When children do not eat regular, well-balanced meals, their bodies are more susceptible to a variety of illnesses, like untreated ear infections and asthma.
Students can often appear listless with low energy or hyperactive on a sugar "high". It is not their choice where they live. Parental involvement sends a message to all children, not only the child of the involved parent, that school is important.
Children rely on their parents to mediate their environment, respond to their needs and provide emotional stimulation and support. As teachers, these aspects of poverty make planning and preparation absolutely critical.
We need a curriculum that supports resilience Benard, This does not necessarily indicate a lack of interest. If children have limited opportunity to learn language, organize perceptions, and develop other higher order cognitive processes, their ability to solve problems and think independently is negatively affected Benson, ; Bowman, ; Guerra and Schutz, As agents, children do not simply undergo experiences.
Academic failure is a consequence of the beliefs that students hold about themselves and about their ability to have control over their environments. Educators also need to work to foster resilience in children, focusing on the traits, coping skills, and supports that help children survive in a challenging environment.
They questioned both children and adults on what they suspect are causes of this achievement gap. Among such behaviors are: Among such behaviors are: They may also find the student does not complete assignments, does not study for tests, or does not come to school prepared to learn because of poverty related circumstances in the home environment.
We have to consider the cultural values of these children as we arrange their learning. It is even more critical that we find ways to reach these parents. Children who live in poverty conditions are unable to develop mutually satisfying social relationships.
Many of the difficulties students encounter are closely connected to beliefs they hold about themselves and their place in the world they live in.
Effects of Poverty on the Brains of Children and Effective Teaching Strategies to Meet Their Specific Needs by Kimberly D.
Palmer A thesis proposal submitted to the Department of Education and Human Development of The. Teaching with Poverty in Mind. by Eric Jensen. Table of Contents.
Chapter 2. How Poverty Affects Behavior and Academic Performance. In Chapter 1, we were introduced to history teacher Chris Hawkins. The family Mr. Hawkins grew up in was far from poor: his father was a colonel in the U.S.
Air Force, and his mother was a store manager. Teaching and learning have evolved over the years; gone are the days when teaching was just chalk and talk and learning was just pure rote. Today with the invention and inclusion of electronic learning and teaching our students are more enthused, involved and active in the teaching learning process.
Reflections: The Effects of Poverty on Teaching and Learning I knew I had some pre-conceived ideas and did not understand the “hype” about the effects of poverty on teaching and learning in the United States, specifically between Washington, D.C.
(considered a state for educational purposes) and Arkansas Public Schools. How Does Poverty Affect Education? For these students, solutions for the effects of poverty on education may be available only at school. Increased funding will provide some solutions, including sufficient materials and appropriate curriculum and supplies.
U.S. Department of Education: About Early Learning. Southern Education Foundation. Read the latest research on the effects of poverty on learning, and what can be done to improve the situation.
More Poverty and Learning News of racial minorities into special education.Effects poverty teaching and learning